Collective bargaining prevents the government from using force, as an agreement can be reached between the employer and the workers on the implementation of legal provisions. The aim is to minimize work problems through collective bargaining and to promote peace at work in the country without violence. Read also: Collective agreement means huge benefits For example, USDAW, a union of retailers in the United States, can meet all the big players like Walmart, Target and Costco. It will then negotiate a retail-wide agreement for its employees across the sector. This may include, for example, a minimum wage, basic benefits or certain working conditions. Procedures for the enforcement of workers` rights are also laid down in collective agreements. It is the union`s responsibility to uphold workers` rights by filing a complaint and, if necessary, pursuing the issue before arbitration. As a general rule, workers must be represented by a trade union to exercise their rights when a complaint is rejected by their immediate superior. The exact process for filing a complaint and even arbitrating varies across collective agreements. For more information on redress and arbitration procedures, see The Grievance and Arbitration Process. For more information on collective agreements, visit the website of the Ministry of Labour, Training and Skills Development.
For federal affairs, we refer to the Government of Canada`s website on collective agreements for the public sector. The important feature of the above-mentioned mechanism for the prevention and settlement of disputes is that there is full flexibility to settle disputes through collective bargaining and that, if it is not settled by works councils, mediators, a conciliation committee, it is referred back to the investigating court and the labour courts only at that time. The decision of the labour courts, the labour court and the national court is binding on both parties. When the old agreement is about to expire or before, the workers` representatives make new demands. Such requirements are also lowered when the industry is at a loss or even during the period of depression. If management accepts the demand for higher wages and other benefits, it would prefer to close the factories. Finally, it should be stressed that the gender pay gap depends on a large number of political and institutional factors, most of which are not designed to achieve the objectives of equality between women and men. In particular, wage negotiation and employment policies can affect the size of the gender pay gap by affecting outcomes such as wage dispersion. .