U.s.-Iraq Strategic Framework Agreement (Sfa)

Some anonymous U.S. officials and experts who follow the war have argued that they believe that parts of the agreement could be circumvented and that other parties could be interpretable, including: giving Iraqi justice to U.S. soldiers who commit crimes off-base and out of service, the part that requires U.S. troops to obtain Iraqi authorization for all military operations , and the party prohibiting the United States from launching attacks against other countries from Iraq. [37] For example, government officials have argued that the persecution of U.S. soldiers in Iraq could take three years, and by that time the United States will have withdrawn from Iraq under the agreement. In the meantime, U.S. troops will remain under the jurisdiction of the U.S. uniform code of military justice. Michael E. O`Hanlon, of the Brookings Institution research group, said there were “these areas that are not as clear as the Iraqis think.” [15] On November 16, 2008, the Iraqi government approved the agreement that fixed the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Iraqi cities at the end of 2009 and, in 2011, the withdrawal of the U.S. military presence in the country.

U.S. concessions included a ban on U.S. forces searching homes without Iraqi authorization, the right of Iraqis to search for American recipients of incoming weapons and packages, and the right of The Iraqi judiciary to prosecute U.S. troops for serious crimes in certain circumstances. The vote was adopted by 27 of the 37 cabinet members, nine of whom were absent and one against. The agreement then presided over Parliament. [25] However, on 19 November, the Iraqi Parliament was postponed by one day after the loyal legislators of the Shiite clergy Moqtada al-Sadr cancelled the second reading of the text of the treaty. Spokesman Mahmoud al-Mashhadani postponed the meeting after Sadrist MP Ahmed al-Massoudi was aggressive towards a lawmaker from the government coalition who read the text of the agreement. [26] U.S. President George W. Bush welcomed the adoption of the agreement between the two countries.

“The security agreement deals with our presence, our activities and our withdrawal from Iraq,” Bush said. He added that “this day seemed unlikely two years ago – but the success of the recovery and the courage of the Iraqi people laid the conditions for these two agreements to be negotiated and approved by the Iraqi parliament.” [38] NOTE: This link gives you a link that is no longer related to the documents themselves. On 16 November 2008, the Iraqi cabinet approved the agreements; on 27 November, the Iraqi Parliament ratified it; On 4 December, the Iraqi Presidential Council approved the security pacts. [24] Most of the foreign troops that were part of the troops in Iraq were to leave before 31 December 2008, with troops from Azerbaijan[53] Poland,[53] Macedonia,[53] Japan,[54] Bosnia,[53] South Korea[53] and Georgia. The Iraqi and British governments are said to have negotiated a security agreement similar to Iraq and the United States.